April 7: World Health Day

Every year on 07 April, the world celebrates World Health Day.
Experts stress that this date is important people remember to do preventive examinations regularly and have healthy habits, including daily exercise and the adoption of a balanced diet. All these factors are important mainly because different diseases when diagnosed early, have better outcomes when they are treated. Moreover, preventive examinations are essential because certain diseases may not show apparent symptoms such as hypertension, diabetes, HIV, hepatitis, hyperlipidemia (increased cholesterol and / or triglyceride levels).

According to the guideline “Active Ageing: a health policy” of the World Health Organization (WHO), by 2025, Brazil will be the sixth country in the world in number of elderly and even then it is still great misinformation about the health of the elderly and the characteristics and challenges of population aging for public health in our social context. Between 1980 and 2000 the population aged 60 and over increased by 7.3 million to over 4.5 million in 2000. The increase in average life expectancy also increased sharply in the country. This increased number of years, however, must be accompanied by improving or maintaining the health and quality of life.

WHO also highlights through this policy that the adoption of healthy lifestyles and active participation in their own health care are important at all stages of life. One of the myths of aging is that it is too late to adopt these styles in recent years. On the contrary, engaging in appropriate physical activity, healthy diet, abstinence from tobacco and alcohol, and use of medications can wisely prevent disease and functional decline, increase longevity and the individual’s quality of life. Diets high in (saturated) fat and salt, low in fruits and vegetables / vegetables and supplying an amount insu cient of bras fi and vitamins combined with sedentarism, are major risk factors for chronic problems such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure , obesity, arthritis and some cancers.

Thus, this World Health Day we need to pay attention to for a proper and balanced diet, physical exercise regularly, reduce self-medication, have a stimulating social interaction and pleasurable activities that mitigate stress, habits conducive to health and quality of life contributing to an active and healthy aging.

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