Every year the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) provides free Synthesis of Social Indicators (SIS), the living conditions of the population in different aspects which are analyzed: demographic, families and households, education, employment, standard of living and income distribution, as well as health.
The elderly have a special chapter in the SIS, since the aging population, characterized by increasing the proportion of elderly in the total population, is a phenomenon already quite evident in developed countries, since this phenomenon occurs at an accelerated rate in Brazil, it deserves importance on the agenda of social policies.
Much of the issues that emerge with population aging are related to the labor market, social security and the health and social care system.
Between 2001-2011, the growing number of elderly people aged 60 and older, in absolute terms, was remarkable: from 15.5 million people to 23.5 million people, making the relative share of this group in population age structure increased from 9.0% to 12.1% in the period. The number has also “older elderly” increased, so the participation of the group aged 80 and older reached 1.7% of the population in 2011, corresponding to just over 3 million individuals.
In the Summary of Social Indicators -2013, for the year 2012 were highlighted important issues related to population aging: social security and the labor market.
According to IBGE, for the group of people 60 years or older, 23.7% did not receive retirement or pension, while 7.8% accumulated retirement and pension.
The proportion of people 60 years or older who simultaneously accumulating retirement was 2.8% among men and 11.7% among older women.
It can be assumed that the high proportion of elderly people in this age group who did not receive retirement or pension must be related to insertion and or remain in the labor market, since the occupancy rate, ie, elderly working was 27 , 1%, and 15.3% of people were employed and retired, and the weekly average of the elderly dedicated to working time was 34.7 hours.