The 1st of October was chosen as the International Day of Older Persons, established by the United Nations (UN) at the UN General Assembly in December 1990,
(Resolution 45/106), being officially celebrated for the first time in October 1991.
In Brazil, Law No. 11,443 / 2006, in addition to establishing the 1st of October to the national celebrations of the Day of the Elderly, determines that the public agencies responsible for the coordination and implementation of the National Policy for the Elderly are responsible for the realization and dissemination events that value the older people in society.
But this year in particular, we will be celebrating the 10th anniversary of the Elderly approval (Law 10.741 of October 10, 2003), legislation as well as guaranteeing the rights of older persons, establishing severe penalties for those who discriminate, disrespect or abandon citizens over 60 years.
But what this law changed the lives of older people in Brazil?
To answer this question, the INTERACT Consulting Gerontology was a partner of the United Nations Population Fund and HelpAge International research “Ageing in the Twenty-first Century: Celebration and Challenge”, which aimed to analyze in many countries progress in 10 years of policies and actions taken after the adoption of the International Plan of Action on Ageing of the UN.
The qualitative research aimed to hear the voices of older people in relation to changes in their lives over the past 10 years. Among the findings in Brazil, the highlight was the unanimous opinion of the Brazilian Seniors in the advancement and progress in many areas as the conquest of their rights. The highlights were: the increase in respect of society for the elderly, inclusion and increase social participation, and the main cause pointed to these developments was the creation of the Elderly.
The voice of an old man who participated in this study reflects this thought:
“In the last 10 years, in general, it has changed the way to see people in relation to the elderly. Previously, a person of 60 years would be ignored, it would be indoors. Before the old man was a zero to the left, and we saw nothing, talking about whether it was for or against, it did not exist. They are now seeing are seeing us. The elderly have more space, it has more visibility. ”
The last 10 years so we brought many advances in the implementation of public policies, showing that a law instrument makes a difference in people’s lives.
As in many countries of the world, yet there is no Statute of the Elderly to ensure by law their rights, today the UN discusses the importance of adopting an international legal instrument that has force of law, an International Convention to ensure the rights the majority of older people living in developing countries that have not yet adopted laws for this segment. The countries of Latin America, including Brazil, are leading this movement within the UN, and hopefully soon we can celebrate more this world conquest.
To know more:
Resolution 406/106 establishing the International Day of Older Persons
LAW No 10741, 1ST OCTOBER 2003:
Law No. 11.433 OF 28 DECEMBER 2006.
Ageing in the Twenty-first Century: Celebration and Challenge – UNFPA